Induced Earthquake Bibliography

Injection Induced Earthquake References

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Warning to non-scientists

Rocky Mountain Arsenal Well
  1. M.U. Ahmad & J.A. Smith, Earthquakes, Injection Wells, and the Perry Nuclear Power Plant, Cleveland, Ohio," 16 Geology 739 (1988)

  2. M.U. Ahmad & J.A. Smith, "Reply to Comment on "Earthquakes, injection Wells, and the Perry Nuclear Power Plant, Cleveland, Ohio," 17 Geology 383 (1989)

  3. Jon Ake, Kenneth Mahrer, Daniel O’Connell and Lisa Block, "Deep-Injection and Closely Monitored Induced Seismicity at Paradox Valley, Colorado," 95 Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 664 (2005)

  4. Jon Ake, Ken Mahrer, Lisa Block & Dan O'Connell, "What's Shaking in Bedrock? The Paradox Valley Deep-Well Injection Program," 51(4) Outcrops: Newsletter of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists 1 (March 2002)

  5. Jon P. Ake, "Induced Microseismicity Associated with Deep-well Disposal of Brine at Paradox Valley, Colorado," [abstract only] EOS, Proc. Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstracts 473 (1994)

  6. Jon P. Ake, "Microseismicity Induced by Fluid Injection in the Paradox Valley of Southwestern Colorado," [abstract only] 63 Seismological Research Letters 19 (1992)

  7. John G. Armbruster, Leonardo Seeber, K. Evans, "The July 1987 Ashtabula Earthquakes (M=3.6) Sequence in Northeastern Ohio and a Deep Fluid Injection Well," 58 Seismological Research Letters p.##? (Sept.-Dec. 1987).

  8. J.G. Armbruster & Leonardo Seeber, "Natural and Induced Seismicity in the Lake Erie - Lake Ontario Region," [abstract] EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union 288 (1993)

  9. D. Bane & Michael Fehler, Observations of Long Period Earthquakes Accompanying Hydraulic Fracturing, 13 Geophys. Res. Lett. 149 (1986)

  10. George E. Bardwell, Some Statistical Features of the Relationship Between Rocky Mountain Arsenal Waste Disposal and Frequency of Earthquakes, 3 Mountain Geologist 37 (1966).

  11. George Bardwell, Some Statistical Features of the Relationship Between Rocky Mountain Arsenal Waste Disposal and Frequency of Earthquakes, Engineering Geology Case Histories No. 8, 33, Geological Society of America (1970).

  12. S. Baisch & H.-P. Harjes, "A model for fluid-injection-induced seismicity at the KTB, Germany," 152 Geophysical Journal International 160 (2003)

  13. Stefan Baisch, Marco Bohnhoff, Lars Ceranna, Yimin Tu and Hans-Peter Harjes, "Probing the Crust to 9-km Depth: Fluid-Injection Experiments and Induced Seismicity at the KTB Superdeep Drilling Hole, Germany," 92 Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 2369 (2002)

  14. Lisa V. Block, Jon P. Ake, and Dan R.H. O'Connell, Using Induced Hypocenters to Characterize Subsurface Fluid Flow at The Paradox Valley, Colorado, Injection Well, [abstract only] 76 EOS Proceedings of the Am. Geophys. Union Fall Meeting Abstracts F354 (1995).

  15. Lisa V. Block, C. H. Cheng, Michael C. Fehler, and W. Scott Phillips Seismic imaging using microearthquakes induced by hydraulic fracturing, 59 Geophysics 102 (1994)

  16. M. Board, T. Rorke, G. Williams & N. Gay, Fluid Injection for Rockburst Control in Deep Mining, Proceedings, U.S. Symp. on Rock Mechanics, 111 (1992)

  17. Marco Bohnhoff, Stefan Baisch & Hans-Peter Harjes, "Fault Mechanisms of Induced Seismicity at the Superdeep German Continental Deep Drilling Program (KTB) Borehole and Their Relation to Fault Structure and Stress Field," 109 Journal of Geophysical Research B02309 (2004)

  18. Rabee F. Bou & Pradeep Talwani, "Was the Magnitude 4.7 Earthquake of June 1993 near Burgan Oil Field, Kuwait, Induced?," 74 EOS, Proceedings of the Am. Geophys. Union Fall Meeting Abstracts 448 (1993).

  19. Martin Brudy, "Stress Magnitude and Orientation to a Depth of 9 km at the KTB Drill Site," [abstract] EOS, Trans. American Geophysical Union F558 (1995)

  20. S. Carlson, Investigations of Recent and Historical Seismicity in East Texas, Master's Thesis, Univ. Texas at Austin, 197pp. (1984)

  21. F. H. Cornet & Yin Jianmin, "Analysis of Induced Seismicity for Stress Field Determination," 145 Pure and Applied Geophys. 677 (1995)

  22. F. H. Cornet & O. Scotti, "Analysis of Induced Seismicity for Fault Zone Identification," [Abstract] 30 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. & Geomech. 789 (1992)

  23. F. H. Cornet, Y. Jianmin & L. Martel, "Stress Heterogeneities and Flow Paths in a Granite Rock Mass," Pre-Workshop Volume for the Workshop on Induced Seismicity, 33rd U.S. Symposium on Rock Mechanics 184 (1992)

  24. F. H. Cornet & P. Julien, "Stress Determination from Hydraulic Test Data and Focal Mechanisms of Induced Seismicity," 26 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. & Geomech. Abstr. 235 (1993)

  25. Randal Tom Cox, Possible Triggering of Earthquakes by Underground Waste Disposal in the El Dorado, Arkansas Area, 62 Seismological Res. Letters 113 (1991).

  26. S. Crampen & D.C. Booth, Shear-wave Splitting Showing Hydraulic Dilation of Pre-existing Joints in Granite, 1 Scientific Drilling 21 (1989)

  27. R.V. de la Cruz & C. B. Raleigh, Absolute Stress Measurements at the Rangely Anticline, Northwestern Colorado, 9 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 625 (1972)

  28. Darlene A. Cypser & Scott D. Davis, The State of Corporate Knowledge on Injection Induced Earthquakes: An Informal Survey, [ abstract only] EOS, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union Abstracts 472 (1994)

  29. Scott D. Davis, Investigations of Natural and Induced Seismicity in the Texas Panhandle, Master's Thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 230 pp. (1985)

  30. Scott D. Davis Investigations Concerning the Nature of Aftershocks and Earthquakes Induced by Fluid Injection, Doctoral Thesis, University of Texas at Austin 157 pp. (1989)

  31. Scott D. Davis & Cliff Frohlich, New Objective Criteria to Determine if Fluid Injection Has Induced Earthquakes [abstract] 68 EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 1369 (1987)

  32. Scott D. Davis & Cliff Frohlich, Potential for Earthquakes Associated with Fluid Injection [abstract] 69 EOS, Trans, Am. Geophys. Union 1315 (1988).

  33. Scott D. Davis & Cliff Frohlich, Did (or Will) Fluid Injection Cause Earthquakes: Criteria for a Rational Assessment, 64 Seismol. Res. Letters 207 (1993).

  34. Scott D. Davis & Wayne D. Pennington, Induced Seismic Deformation in the Cogdell Oil Field of West Texas, 79 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 1477 (Oct. 1989).

  35. Department of the Army, Summary History of Rocky Mountain Arsenal, (manuscript -- available at the Western History Collection, Denver Public Library) (1967-1980)

  36. J. H. Dieterich, C. B. Raleigh & J. B. Bredehoeft, Earthquake Triggering by Fluid Injection at Rangely, Colorado, Proc. Int. Soc. Rock Mech. and Int. Assoc. Eng. Geol. Symp: Percolation Through Fissured Rock Paper T2-B (1972)

  37. Donald S. Dreesen, Mark V. Malzahn, Michael C. Fehler & Zora V. Dash, Identification of MHF fracture Planes and Flow Paths; A Correlation of Well Log Data with Patterns in Locations of Induced Seismicity, 11 Trans. Geothermal Resources Council 339 (1987)

  38. William L. Ellsworth, "Injection-Induced Earthquakes," Science Vol. 341 no. 6142 543-546 (July 12, 2013).

  39. Nicholas J. van der Elst, Heather M. Savage, Katie M. Keranen, Geoffrey A. Abers, "Enhanced Remote Earthquake Triggering at Fluid-Injection Sites in the Midwestern United States," Science Vol. 341 no. 6142 164-167 (July 12, 2013).

  40. D. G. Evans & D.W. Steeples, Microearthquakes near the Sleepy Hollow oil field, southwestern Nebraska, 77 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 132 (1986).

  41. David M. Evans, The Denver Area Earthquakes and the Rocky Mountain Arsenal Disposal Well, 3 The Mountain Geologist 23 (1966). [Reprinted in Engineering Case Histories No. 8, 25, Geological Society of America (1970)]

  42. David M. Evans, Man-Made Earthquakes in Denver, Geotimes 11 (May-June 1966).

  43. K.F. Evans, Assessing Regional Potential for Induced Seismicity from Crustal Stress Measurements: an Example from northern Ohio, Proc., Symp. Seismic Hazards, Ground Motions, Soil-Liquefaction and Engineering Practice in North America, National Center for Earthquake Engineering Res., 99 (Jacob, Klaus H., ed. 1987)

  44. Michael Fehler, L. House & H. Kaieda, Determining Planes along which Earthquakes Occur: Method and Application to Earthquakes Accompanying Hydraulic Fracture 92 J. Geophys. Res 9407 (1987)

  45. Michael Fehler & W. S. Phillips, Simultaneous Inversion for Q and Source Parameters of Microearthquakes Accompanying Hydraulic Fracturing in Granitic Rock, 81 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 553 (1991)

  46. Joseph A. Fischer, Warren E. Latimer, James A. Rhodes, Injection Wells and The January 31, 1986 Ohio Earthquake, 3 Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering 173 (1987)

  47. Joseph A. Fischer & Richard W. Greene, Deep Well-Induced Seismicity, 25 Proc. Symp. Eng. Geol. & Geotech. Eng. 267 (1989)

  48. Joseph A. Fischer, Natural and Induced Seismicity in Ohio, Engineering Seismology and Site Response: Proc. 4th Annual International Conf. on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 12 (Cakmak, A.S., ed. 1989)

  49. Joseph A. Fischer, Engineering Mechanics Theory and Natural and Induced Seismicity in Ohio and Western New York, 1 Proc. 4th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 649 (1990)

  50. Jon B. Fletcher & Lynn R. Sykes, Earthquakes Related to Hydraulic Mining and Natural Seismic Activity in Western New York State, 82 J. Geophys. Res. 3767 (1977)

  51. Zhao Genmo, Chen Huaran, Ma Shuquin & Zhang Deyuan, Research on Earthquakes Induced by Water Injection in China, 145 Pure & Applied Geophys. 59 (1995)

  52. James F. Gibbs, John H. Healy C. Barry Raleigh & John Coakley, Earthquakes in the Oil Field at Rangely Colorado, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report (1972)

  53. James F. Gibbs, J.H. Healy, B. Raleigh & J. Coakley, Seismicity in the Rangely, Colorado, area: 1962-1970, 63 Bulletin Seismol. Soc. Am. 1557 (1973)

  54. A.S.P. Green, R.H. Jones & R. Baria, A Correlation between Induced Seismicity and Fluid FLow during Fluid Injection into the Carnmenellis Granite, Symp. Proc. Int. Conf on Fluid Flow in Fractured Rocks 447 (1988)

  55. B. C. Haimson, Earthquake Stresses at Rangely, Colorado, New Horizons in Rock Mechanics; Earthquakes and Other Dynamic Phenomena, 14 Symp. Rock Mech. Proc. 689 (H. R. Hardy & R. Stefanko, ed.,1972)

  56. Hans-Peter Harje, Triggering Earthquakes in the Continental Crust at 9km Depth, [abstract] EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union F559 (1995)

  57. S.T. Harding, Induced Seismicity in the Cogdell Canyon Reef Oil Field, USGS Open File Report 81-167 (1981)

  58. S.T. Harding, D. Carver, R.F. Henrisey, R.L. Dart & C.J. Langer, The Scurry County, Texas, Earthquake Series of 1977-1978, Induced Seismicity? [abstract] 49 Earthquake Notes 3, 14-15 (1978)

  59. Schulte-Theis Hartwig, Cluster Analysis and Location of Seismic Events Induced by Fluid Injection in the KTB-Borehole, Bavaria, Germany, [abstract] EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union F559 (1995)

  60. J. H. Healy, W.W. Rubey, D.T. Griggs & C.B. Raleigh, The Denver Earthquakes, 161 Science 1301 (1968).

  61. J.H. Healy, et al, Geophysical and Geological Investigations Relating to Earthquakes in the Denver Area, Colorado, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report #832 (1966)

  62. Robert B. Herrman, Sam-Kuen Park & Chien-Ying Wang, The Denver Earthquakes of 1967-1968, 71 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 731 (1981)

  63. John J. Hickey & John Vecchioli, Subsurface Injection of Liquid Waste with Emphasis on Injection practices in Florida, Hydrogeology and Management of Hazardous Waste by Deep-Well Disposal, 12 Int'l Contrib. Hydrogeology 99 (Philip E. La Moreaux & Jaroslav Vrba, ed., 1990)

  64. John C. Hollister & Robert J. Weimer, Geophysical and Geological Studies of the Relationship between the Denver Earthquakes and the Rocky Mountain Arsenal Well, 63 Q. Colo. School Mines 1, 2 (Jan. 1968).

  65. D. B. Hoover & J.A. Dietrich, Seismic Activity During the 1968 Test Pumping at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal Disposal Well, U.S. Geological Circ. 613 (1969).

  66. Matthew J. Hornbach, Heather R. DeShon, William L. Ellsworth, Brian W. Stump, Chris Hayward, Cliff Frohlich, Harrison R. Oldham, Jon E. Olson, M. Beatrice Magnani, Casey Brokaw & James H. Luetgert, "Causal factors for seismicity near Azle, Texas," Nature Communications 6, Article number: 6728 (2015)

  67. Robert B. Horner, J.E. Barclay, J.M. MacRae, R.J. Wetmiller & I. Asudeh, Earthquakes and Hydrocarbon Production in the Fort St. John Area of Northeastern British Columbia, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstracts 472 (1994)

  68. Susan E. Hough, "Shaking from injection-induced earthquakes in the central and eastern United States," Bulletin of the Seismological Society of Am. 104(5):2619 (2014)

  69. Leigh House & W. Scott Phillips, "Earthquakes Induced by Hydraulic Injections at Yosemite National Park," [abstract] EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstracts 582 (1993)

  70. Paul A. Hsieh & John D. Bredehoft, "A Reservoir Analysis of the Denver Earthquakes: A Case of Induced Seismicity," 86 J. Geophys. Res. 903 (1981).

  71. Richard V. Hughes, "Denver's Man-Made Earthquakes - Fact or Fancy," 58 The Mines Magazine 22 (1968)

  72. Yasufumi Ishiwada, "Experiments on Water Injections in the Niigata Gas Field," (PDF) IASH-Unesco, 629-634 (1969)

  73. M. L. Jost, T. Büßelberg, Ö. Jost and H.-P. Harjes, "Source parameters of injection-induced microearthquakes at 9 km depth at the KTB Deep Drilling site, Germany," 88 Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 815 (1998)

  74. H. Kanamori & E. Hauksson, "A Slow Earthquake in the Santa Maria Basin, California," 82 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 2087 (1992)

  75. S. Kapotas & E.R. Kanasewich, "Microseismic Activity & Stress Orientations in Cold Lake Oilfields, Alberta" [abstract only] 60 Seismol. Res. Lett. 31 (1989)

  76. R.T. Kent & N.E. Bentley, Risk Assessment of Deep Well Injection Systems, Hazardous Wastes in Ground Water: A Soluable Problem, National Water Well Association, Dublin, OH 233 (1985)

  77. Katie M. Keranen, Heather M. Savage, Geoffrey A. Abers and Elizabeth S. Cochran, "Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: Links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake sequence," Geology (March 26, 2013)

  78. K. M. Keranen, M. Weingarten, G. A. Abers, B. A. Bekins, S. Ge, "Sharp increase in central Oklahoma seismicity since 2008 induced by massive wastewater injection," 345:6195 Science 448-451(July 25, 2014)

  79. Robert M. Kirkham & William P. Rogers, Earthquake Potential in Colorado, (Colorado Geological Survey Bulletin 43, 1981)

  80. Robert M. Kirkham & William P. Rogers, Colorado Earthquake Data and Interpretations 1867 to 1985, Colorado Geological Survey Bulletin 46, (1985)

  81. Robert M. Kirkham & William P. Rogers, "An Interpretation of the November 7, 1882 Colorado Earthquake," Contributions to Colorado Seismicity and Tectonics--A 1986 Update 122 Colo. Geol. Surv. Spec. Publ. 28, W. Rogers & R. Kirkham, ed. (1986).

  82. W. B. Klemt, "Deep Well Injection of Industrial Hazardous Waste In Texas, Issues in Groundwater Management," 12th Water Res. Symp. 403 (1985)

  83. P. J. Kendrick, "Deep Well Injection: Sweeping the Problem Under the Carpet," 49 J. Water Pollution Control Fed. 187 (1977)

  84. Peter Knoll, "The Fluid-Induced Tectonic Rockburst of March 13, 1989 in the "Werra" Potash District of the GDR (first results)," 99 Gerland Beitrage zur Geophysik 239 (1990)

  85. Peter Knoll, "The Dynamic Excess Pore Pressure Concept - A New Possible Fracture Mechanism for Fluid-Induced Seismic Events," 99 Gerland Beitrage zur Geophysik 247 (1990)

  86. Andrea L. Llenos and Andrew J. Michael, "Modeling Earthquake Rate Changes in Oklahoma and Arkansas: Possible Signatures of Induced Seismicity," Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America vol. 103 no. 5 2850-2861 (October 2013)

  87. Amie Lucier, Mark Zoback, Neeraj Gupta and T. S. Ramakrishnan, "Geomechanical aspects of CO2 sequestration in a deep saline reservoir in the Ohio River Valley region," 13 Environmental Geosciences 85 (June 2006)

  88. E. L. Majer & T.W. Doe, "Studying Hydrofractures by High Frequency Seismic Monitoring," 23 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min Sci & Geomech 185 (1986)

  89. Maurice W. Major & Ruth B. Simon, A Seismic Study of the Denver (Derby) Earthquakes, 63 Q. Colo. School Mines 9 (Jan. 1968).

  90. J. C. Martin, The Effect of Fluid Pressure on Effective Stresses and Induced Faulting, 80 J. Geophys. Res. 3783 (1975).

  91. K. Masuda, Laboratory Study of Effects of In Situ Stress State and Strengh on Fluid-Induced Seismicity 30 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sic & Geomech. Abstr. 1-10 (1993)

  92. R. E. Mattick & D.B. Hoover, Seismic-reflection records from a Survey at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver, Colorado, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report (1970).

  93. D .M. McCann, "Induced Seismicity in Engineering," 23 Eng. Geol Spec. Pubs 397 (1988)

  94. W. C. McClain, On Earthquakes Induced by Underground Fluid Injection, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report ORNL-TM-3154 (October 1970).

  95. A. McGarr, "Maximum magnitude earthquakes induced by fluid injection," Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Volume 119, Issue 2 Pages 1008–1019 (February 2014).

  96. A. McGarr, B. Bekins, N. Burkardt, J. Dewey, P. Earle, W. Ellsworth, S. Ge, S. Hickman, A. Holland, E. Majer, J. Rubinstein, A. Sheehan, Coping with earthquakes induced by fluid injection, Science Vol. 347 no. 6224 pp. 830-831 (February 20, 2015).

  97. R. F. Mereu J. Brunet, K. Morissey, B. Price & A. Yapp, "A study of Microearthquakes of the Gobles Oil Field Area of Southwestern Ontario," 76 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 1215 (1986).

  98. W. G. Milne & M.J. Berry, "Induced Seismicity in Canada," 10 Engin. Geol. 219 (1976)

  99. R. C. Munson, Relationship of Effect of Waterflooding of the Rangely Oil Field on Seismicity, Engineering Geology Case Histories #8, Geological Society of America (1970).

  100. Alexander C.G. Nagelhout, Induced Seismicity Associated with Hydrocarbon Extraction, Fluid Injection and Underground Gas Storage, Master's Thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands (1996)

  101. Craig Nicholson, Earthquakes Associated with Deep Well Activities--Comments and Case Histories, 33rd U.S. Symposium on Rock Mechanics 1079 (1992).

  102. Craig Nicholson & Robert L. Wesson, Earthquake Hazard Associated with Deep Well Injection--A Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull. #1951 (1990).

  103. Craig Nicholson & Robert L. Wesson, Triggered Earthquakes and Deep Well Activities, 139 Pure & Applied Geophysics 562 (1992)

  104. Craig Nicholson, E. Roeloffs & Robert L. Wesson, "The Northeastern Ohio Earthquake of 31 January: Was it Induced?" 78 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 188 (1988)

  105. Masakazu Ohtake, "Seismic Activity Induced by Water Injection at Matsushiro, Japan," 22 J. Phys. Earth 163 (1974)

  106. M. Parotidis & S. A. Shapiro, "A Statistical Model for the Seismicity Rate of Fluid-injection-induced Earthquakes," 31 Geophysical Research Letters L17609 (2004)

  107. G.R. Pickett, Properties of the Rocky Mountain Arsenal Disposal Reservoir and Their Relationship to Derby Earthquakes, 63 Q. Colo. School Mines 73 (Jan. 1968).

  108. R. J. Pine & A.S. Batchlor, Downward Migration of Shearing on Jointed Rock During Hydraulic Injections, 21 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. & Geomech. Abstr. 249 (1984)

  109. Arthur M. Piper, Disposal of Liquid Wastes by Injection Underground -- Neither Myth nor Millennium, U.S. Geological Survey Circular #631 (1970)

  110. L.M. Plotnikova, M.G. Flynova & V.I. Machmudova, Induced Seismicity in the Gazly Gas Field Region, 99 Gerlands Beitrage zur Geophysik 389 (1990)

  111. C. B. Raleigh, J. H. Healy & J. D. Bredehoeft, An Experiment in Earthquake Control at Rangely, Colorado, 191 Science 1230 (1976).

  112. C. B. Raleigh, Earthquakes and Fluid Injection, Underground Waste Management and Environmental Implications, American Assoc. Pet. Geol. 273 (1972)

  113. C. B. Raleigh, J.H. Healy and J.D. Bredehoeft, Faulting and Crustal Stress at Rangely, Colorado, Flow and Fracture of Rocks, Geophysical Monograph #16, American Geophysical Union (Heard, et al ed. 1972)

  114. E. Roeloffs, Craig Nicholson & Robert L. Wesson, "Comment to 'Earthquakes, injection wells, and the Perry Nuclear Power Plant, Cleveland, Ohio,'" 17 Geology 382 (1989).

  115. G. R. Rothe & C. Lui, "Possibility of induced Seismicity in the Vicinity of the Sleepy Hollow Oil Field, Southwestern Nebraska," 73 Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 1357 (1983)

  116. Ben F. Rummerfield, A. Peter Olsons and D. B. Hoover, "Seismic Survey in the Region of Recent Earthquake Activity near Denver, Colorado," 33 Geophysics 915 (1968).

  117. Louis J. Scopel, "Pressure Injection Disposal Well, Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Denver, Colorado," Engineering Case Histories No. 8, Geological Society of America (1970)

  118. Leonardo Seeber & John G. Armbruster, Natural and Induced Seismicity in the Lake Erie-Lake Ontario Region: Reactivation of Ancient Faults with Little Neotectonic Displacement, (in English) 47 Geographie Physique et Quarternaire 363 (1993)

  119. Leonardo Seeber & John. G. Armbruster, Recent and Historic Seismicity in Northeastern Ohio: Reactivation of Precambrian Faults and the Role of Deep Fluid Injection, Preliminary Report to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (1988).

  120. Sergei A. Shapiro, J. Kummerow, C. Dinske, G. Asch, E. Rothert, J. Erzinger, H.-J. Kümpel & R. Kind, "Fluid induced seismicity guided by a continental fault: Injection experiment of 2004/2005 at the German Deep Drilling Site (KTB)," 33 Geophysical Research Letters L01309 (2006)

  121. S. A. Shapiro, R. Patzig, E. Rothert, & J. Rindschwentner, "Triggering of Seismicity by Pore-pressure Perturbations: Permeability-related Signatures of the Phenomenon," 160 Pure & Applied Geophysics 1051 (2003)

  122. Sergei A. Shapiro, Ernst Huenges & Günter Borm, "Estimating the crust permeability from fluid-injection-induced seismic emission at the KTB site," 131 Geophysical Journal International F15 (1997)

  123. Joel Sminchak, Neeraj Guptam, "Issues Related to Seismic Activity Induced by the Injection of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers," Proceedings of First National Conference on Carbon Sequestration (2001)

  124. David T. Snow, Fracture Deformation and Changes of Permeability and Storage Upon Changes of Fluid Pressure, 63 Q. Colo. School Mines 201 (Jan. 1968).

  125. A. Spicak, "Earthquake Swarms and Accompanying Phenomena in Intraplate Regions: A Review," 44 Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 89 (2000)

  126. Stephen H. Stow & Kenneth S. Johnson, Environmental Impacts Associated with Deep-Well Disposal, Hydrogeology and Management of Hazardous Waste by Deep-Well Disposal, 12 Int'l Contrib. Hydrogeology 77 (Philip E. La Moreaux & Jaroslav Vrba, ed., 1990)
  127. Danielle F. Sumy, Elizabeth F. Cochran, Katie M. Keranen, Maya Wei, Geoffrey Abers, "Observations of static Coulomb stress triggering of the November 2011 M5.7 Oklahoma earthquake sequence," 119:3 Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 1904–1923 (2014)

  128. Synthetic Record Study and Velocity Determinations of U.S. Corps of Engineers Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Adams County, Colorado, Open-File Report 69-306(1969)

  129. S. Tabeli & F. Cornet, "Analysis of Microseismicity Induced by a Fluid Injection in a Granitic Rock Mass," 14 Geophys. Res. Lett 227 (1987)

  130. K. Tadokoro, M. Ando, K. Nishigami, "Induced Earthquakes Accompanying the Water Injection Experiment at the Nojima Fault Zone, Japan: Seismicity and its Migration," 105 Journal of Geophysical Research 6089 (2000)

  131. T. L. Teng, C.R. Real & T.L. Henyey, Microearthquakes and Waterflooding in Los Angeles 63 Bull. Seismol. Soc. of Am. 859 (1973).

  132. T. Terashima, Survey on Induced Seismicity at Mishraq in Iraq, 29 J. Phys. Earth 371 (1981)

  133. Busselburg Thorsten, Source Perameters of Seismic Events Induced by Fluid Injection at 9 km Depth in the KTB-Borehole [abstract] EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union F559 (1995)

  134. F. Rall Walsh III, and Mark D. Zoback, "Oklahoma's Recent Quakes and Saltwater Disposal," 1:5 Science Advances 1 (June 18, 2015)

  135. M. Weingarten, S. Ge1, J. W. Godt, B. A. Bekins, J. L. Rubinstein, "High-rate Injection is Associated with the Increase in U.S. Mid-continent Seismicity," 348:6241 Science 1336-1340 (June 19, 2015)

  136. Robert L. Wesson & Craig Nicholson, USGS Study of the Northeastern Ohio Earthquake of January 31, 1986, U. S. Geological Survey Preliminary Open FIle Report (1986)

  137. Robert L. Wesson, Studies of the January 31, 1986 Northeastern Ohio Earthquake, Report to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 86-331 (1986)

  138. J.K. Whyatt, T.J. Williams, W. Blake & D. Cuvelier, Fault Injection Experimentation at the Luck Friday Main: a Progress Report, Pre-Workshop Volume for the Workshop on Induced Seismicity, 33rd U.S. Symp. on Rock Mech. 195 (1992)

  139. Ivan G. Wong, "Seismicity of the Paradox Basin and the Colorado Plateau interior," DOE Techincal Report, April 1, 1984

  140. Ivan G. Wong, J.R. Humphrey, W. Silva, D.A. Gahr & J. Huizingh, "A Case of Microseismicity Induced by Solution Mining, Southeastern Utah," [abstract only] 56 Earthquake Notes 18 (1985)

  141. Tu Yi-min & Chen Yun-tai, "The Accurate Location of the Injection-induced Microearthquakes in German Continental Deep Drilling Program," 15 Acta Seismologica Sinica 616 (2002)

  142. J. M. Yin & F. H. Cornet, "Fracture Ractivation and Induced Microseismicity Under Variable Pore Pressure," [abstract] EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union 444 (1994)

  143. Bochnog Zhang, Rui Chang, Hong Li, Yingman Qi, Jizhen Mao, Peng Liu & Fangquan Li, "Relationship between Seismicity and Water Injection in Ziliujing Anticline," 6 Acta Seismologica Sinica 769 (1993)

  144. Genmo Zhao, Huaran Chen, Shuquin Ma and Deyuan Zhang, Research of Earthquakes Induced by Water Injection in China, 145 Pure & Applied Geophys. 59-68 (1995).

  145. Gen Mo Zhao & Gang sheng Yang, Focal Stress Field by Water Injection- Induced Earthquakes and Characteristics of Coda Wave Attenuation, (Includes a summary in English), 12 Ti chen ti chih (Seismology and Geology) 303 (1990)

  146. Mark D. Zoback, Frictional Analysis of Induced Earthquakes near 9km Depth at the KTB site: Evidence for the Brittle/Ductile Transition? EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstracts F533 (1995)

  147. Mark D. Zoback, Hans-Peter Harjes, "Injection-induced earthquakes and crustal stress at 9 km depth at the KTB deep drilling site, Germany," 102 Journal of Geophysical Research 18,477 (1997)

    Compiled by Darlene Cypser
    Last update: 5/18/2015